Global Protective Fabrics Market: It’s More Than a Matter of Textile2020-03-05
Protective fabrics are the textile materials that are used for protection from extreme environments. This has always been an essential condition for these textile products. Protective clothing made from such fabrics is for people who are working in a dangerous atmosphere. Protective fabrics are a part of technical fabrics that are used in performance or functional characteristics rather than for decorative or aesthetic purposes. These protective fabrics used in the clothing protect people from environmental factors such as cold, rain, snow, ultraviolet radiation, dust, abrasions, radioactive radiations, abrasions, static electricity, etc. For complete protection from these hazards, protective clothing is very important to safeguard us. Properties of protective fabrics Low production of smoke UV Resistant Antibacterial Windproof and snow shedding Low noise emission Thermal insulation Good chemical resistance Fireproofing Saftey from radar spectrum High visibility Good handle and drape High durability and dimensional stability Applications of protective fabrics 1. Mechanical or fire protection Work equipment for safety purposes such as clothes, gloves, boots, etc. Fabrics used in transports and public places such as hospitals, trains, etc. Military clothes Racing driver clothes 2. For anti-vandalism purposes Seats of public transports Tarpaulin for goods transportation 3. Protection from electricity, sparks, and radiations Anti-static t-shirts, shoes, etc. 4. Antibacterial protection For workwear such as t-shirts, shoes, insoles, etc. Sanitary purposes such as cover for mattresses. 5. Increased visibility Workwear that includes a t-shirt, polos, sweatshirts; rescue operators, security forces. Here are some of the protective fabrics clothing explained in detail: High-temperature protective textiles This is a material that is used above 200 degrees Celsius temperature, without losing its major characteristics and prevents decomposition. This thermal insulation provided by this type of clothing is due to the low thermal conductivity of the air that is trapped in the fabric web. The fabrics used in this product are glass, carbon, PTFE, polyacrylate, polyamide, melamine and more. Flame retardant clothing These fabrics are designed to resist the self-inflammation and ignition when ignited or when covered with fire. This thermostable and fire retardant agent is used for obtaining the protective function fabrics. The fabrics used in these clothing include modacrylic, para-aramid, meta-aramid, FR Viscose, FR cotton, FR polyester, carbon, and PBI. Chemical protective textiles The purpose of these textiles is to shield the body from chemical interactions and biological hazards that can happen during an encounter with hazardous and radioactive materials. These hazards can dangerously harm the human body, causing fatal deaths. Mechanical protective fabrics This mechanical performance of the fabric is due to the hybrid yarns in the interlacing. Textiles for mechanical protective clothing are manufactured from high strength textile fabrics or used along with metallic fabrics. These textiles have a personal protection function against dangers that include ballistic, fabric puncture, blade cuts, and projection of fragments, knives and such others. Innovations and challenges faced by protective fabrics Fabrics are aluminized High-performance fabrics are now available Advanced protection systems New yarn spinning technology Optimization of important properties have to be done for improving the characteristics of the clothing Fabric properties should be established according to the demand by end-users.